Selected dynamics of collaborative protected area management in the Global North and South: Experiences from Australia and Nepal
A. Z. M. Manzoor Rashid 1,*, Donna Craig 2, Niaz Ahmed Khan 3
1 Department of Forestry and Environmental Science, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet 3114, Bangladesh
2 Environmental Law, School of Law, Western Sydney University, Sydney, Australia
3 Department of Development Studies, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
*Corresponding author, e-mail: email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
ABSTRACT: Collaborative protected area management has of late gained growing recognition and attention in both developing and developed nations as an avenue of sustainable development that ensures biodiversity conservation as well as community development. This article sheds lights on selected dynamics of the collaborative approach to PA management in Australia and Nepal, representing North and South nations respectively with a view to eliciting experiences and lessons that may have wider relevance for developing and planning sustainable co-management systems for effective PA management. The focus of the review has been on the history and operational features, existing legal and policy framework, and the status of the community participation in the governance of PAs of these two countries. Both these countries are amongst the pioneer nations that made systematic attempts to involve local communities in forest and protected area management. Although the scope and experiences of collaborative protected area management in these countries vary significantly due to their distinct socio-economic and political contexts, they both exhibit many common features that may provide valuable clues while devising management prescriptions of PAs in other parts of the world. Some such factors that may facilitate constructing a shared vision of governing protected areas through collaborative efforts include the following: proactive community engagement, promoting private-public partnership governance approaches; valuing local and social culture, and devising a meaningful dialogue and communication channel between amongst the key stakeholders.
Key words: Co-management, protected area, environmental governance, legal framework, Australia, Nepal.
Subject areas: Forest governance, Protected area, Co-management, Australia, Nepal.
Recommended citation: Rashid, A.Z.M.M., Craig, D., Khan, N.A., 2015. Selected dynamics of collaborative protected area management in the Global North and South: Experiences from Australia and Nepal. International Journal of Research on Land-use Sustainability, 2(2): 113-124. DOI: 10.13140/RG.2.1.1297.2402.
March 7, 2016
April 12, 2016
Dr. Sharif A. Mukul
The University of Queensland